Periodontitis, or gum disease as it is commonly known, is an infection affecting the tissues surrounding and supporting your teeth. It usually starts with gum redness or bleeding during brushing or flossing and develops into a serious inflammation of the gums. If left untreated, it leads to progressive loss of your jawbone and tooth loss. Periodontitis has a negative effect on your overall health as it might increase the risk of heart disease, respiratory infections, and make it more difficult for diabetics to control their blood sugar levels. Unfortunately, periodontitis is quite common. According to a recent study, 47% of adults over 30 years of age in the USA suffer from chronic periodontitis.